History Of Haridwar

The holy city of Haridwar is one of the ancient city of Northern India. One can easily find information about Haridwar in Upanishads & Purans with names- Gangadwara, Kapilasthana & Mayapuri.

Haridwar In Mahabharata

Haridwar has been mentioned in the Vanaparva chapter of Mahabharat, where Sage Dhaumya tells Yudhisthir about the ‘Tirth’ (pilgrimages) of India, including Haridwar.It is also believed that King Bhagiratha did Tap to get Ganga down to purify the souls of his 'Purvaj' (ancestors) in the Satya Yuga.

In regular history, Haridwar was under Maurya Empire (322-185 BC) and then Kushana Empire (1st to 3rd centuries).

Haridwar In Medieval Period

Chinese traveler Huan Tsang mentions Haridwar as ‘Mo Yu Lo’ in his travel of India in 629 AD. Haridwar is also mentioned in the 16th century ‘Ain-e-Akbari’ as Mayapuri. However The first written evidence of the name Haridwar comes by Thomas Coryant.

Haridwar In British Rule

In British Rule, two major dams were created- Bhimgoda Dam in 1840. The first railway track in Haridwar was laid down in 1886. Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalay came in 1902. Industrial development took place in haridwar with setting of BHEL Plant with township in 1960s. It laid to the foundation of Industrial Area Haridwar and SIDCUL recently.

Haridwar came under a newly formed state of Uttarakhand in 2000. Earlier it was in Uttar Pradesh.